War crimes are serious violations of the laws and customs of war that can result in individual criminal responsibility. War crimes are not a new phenomenon, but their definition and prosecution have evolved over time.
More recently the international community strongly demanded that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for the conviction of war crimes that he and his government did in Gaza by killing hundreds of Palestinians.
The concept of war crimes dates back to ancient times when rules of war were established by various civilizations and religions. However, the first attempts to codify the laws of war internationally were made in the 19th and 20th centuries, following the horrors of the Napoleonic Wars, the American Civil War, and the World Wars.
The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, regulate the conduct of warfare and prohibit certain methods and means of warfare, such as the use of poison, dum-dum bullets, and attacks on undefended towns.
The Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 and 2005, protect persons who are not or are no longer taking part in hostilities, such as wounded and sick soldiers, prisoners of war, civilians, medical personnel, and humanitarian workers. They also prohibit acts such as torture, mutilation, rape, collective punishment, and perfidy.
The Rome Statute of 1998, established the International Criminal Court (ICC), a permanent tribunal that can prosecute individuals for war crimes, as well as genocide, crimes against humanity, and aggression. The Rome Statute defines war crimes as grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions or other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international or non-international armed conflict.
War crimes are not only a matter of morality but also of accountability and justice. Those who commit war crimes can be tried by national courts or international tribunals, such as the ICC, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), or the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). The punishment for war crimes can range from imprisonment to the death penalty.
War crimes are a serious threat to human dignity, peace, and security. By respecting and enforcing the laws of war, we can prevent or reduce the suffering caused by armed conflict and uphold the values of humanity.
According to the current situation in Palestine, the Israeli Prime Minister must be convicted under War Crimes because there are substantial evidence of massacres and collective punishment.