A Dutch appeals court has ordered the government to stop exporting parts for F-35 fighter jets to Israel, citing a clear risk of violations of international law by Israel in its military operations in Gaza.
The court ruled in favor of several human rights groups who filed a lawsuit against the Netherlands in December 2023, arguing that the delivery of parts from a Dutch warehouse contributed to war crimes committed by Israel in its war with Hamas.
The court said that Israel did not take sufficient account of the consequences for the civilian population when conducting its attacks, and that there was undeniable evidence that the exported F-35 parts were used in serious violations of international humanitarian law.
The Dutch government has to comply with the order within seven days, but it can appeal to the Supreme Court. The government had previously defended its export license, saying that banning the transfers of F-35 parts from the Netherlands would be meaningless, as the US could deliver them from elsewhere.
The case is the latest example of the legal and political challenges faced by Israel over its actions in Gaza, where more than 28,100 Palestinians have been killed since October 2023, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.